how to fight acne with oils high in linoleic acid

Say what???!!! Oils for acne-prone skin?!

“Have you gone mad, Gio? Oil is the reason my skin is in such a mess in the first place! And you want me to add more?!”

Yes. Hear me out. I’m not saying you should use just any oil. Some do make your acne flare up like crazy.

But others… others help you regulate oil production, clear up your skin and keep your acne at bay. Really.

Here’s how they work their magic:

Linoleic Acid, A Kick-Ass Acne Fighter

Let me introduce you to your new BFF, linoleic acid. It’s an omega-6 essential fatty acid…

Ok, let me start again. Linoleic acid is a fat. An essential fat (or essential fatty acid, to be precise). Essential means your body can’t produce it.

And here lies the problem. Linoleic acid is naturally present in your skin. But when you have acne, your skin has way less linoleic acid than it needs. 

Cue acne. Dryness. Sensitivity. All sorts of bad things, basically.

What Does Linoleic Acid Help Skin?

Linoleic acid is one of those things you take for granted until it’s gone. Here’s all it does for you:

  • It’s moisturizing: it makes even the driest of skin soft and smooth
  • It’s anti-inflammatory: it soothes redness and irritations
  • It’s healing: it helps skin heal faster
  • It “exfoliates”: it’s involved in the natural exfoliating process
  • It lightens: it treats hyperpigmentation 

It’s quite the multitasker, isn’t it?

Without it, skin goes bad…

Without enough moisture, your skin gets all dry and flaky. It’s more prone to irritations. It heals way more slowly. And it’s pimples galore.

You see how important it is to make sure your skin always has enough linoleic acid?

How Linoleic Acid Helps Treat Acne

“Ok, but this post is about acne. Can we go back to it, Gio?”

Sure. Linoleic acid fights acne in three ways:

1. It Promotes Exfoliation

Here’s the deal: it’s true your skin produces too much oil already. BUT it also lacks a specific kind of oil. You guessed it… Linoleic acid.

Scientists think that linoleic acid plays a key role in the natural exfoliation process. Yep, your skin can exfoliate on its own. When it does, dead skin cells get off your skin. When it doesn’t, they get trapped in the pores, clog them up and become food for acne bacteria (the little buggers thrive on this stuff!).

That’s why I keep telling everyone with acne to jump on the salicylic acid bandwagon, pronto! It helps your skin do the exfoliating job and keep those pores clean.

Adding linoleic acid back into your skin helps with exfoliation and acne too. Studies show that using linoleic acid every day for a month reduces spot size and incidence by 25%. 

Related: Why Salicylic Acid Is The Key To Spot-Free Skin

2. It Regulates Oil Production

Did you know the right kind of oil can make your skin stop producing so much of the wrong kind? Here’s what I mean…

Sebum production is a hormonal matter. An enzyme 5α-reductase turns testotesrone into the (evil) superhero α-dihydrotestosterone.

In plain English, this combo is bad news for your skin. It pumps up your oil production up a notch… or ten. Cue acne.

Linoleic acid can inhibit the activity of 5α-reductase, keeping oil production under control.

Related: What The Heck Is Sebum? 

3. It’s Anti-Inflammatory

I’ll be brief. Acne is an inflammatory disease. When it shows up, it means your immune system is busy fighting off a threat.

Lots of things can cause inflammation. A diet rich in sugar and poor in vegs. Unprotected sun exposure. Pollution. Smoking. To name just a few culprits.

Linoleic acid can soothe inflammation. Turn that down and your acne will start to disappear.

Are There Any Side Effects?

Not so much for your skin. More for your wallet. Let me explain…

Linoleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid. Unsaturated fatty acids go bad pretty fast. So any oil with a high amount of linoleic acid will go bad faster than oils with a small amount of them.

You’ll know when your oil goes bad. It’ll become rancid and start to smell awful. Sometimes, the colour can change, too.

There are ways to make your unsaturated oils last longer:

  • Packaging matters: only buy oils and creams packaged in an opaque bottle.
  • Store them properly: in a cool, dark place away from light and heat.
  • Preserve them right: adding antioxidants like vitamin E slows down deterioration.
  • Use them quickly: don’t forget them in a drawer for months!

Related: How To Tell When A Skincare Product Has Gone Bad

What Are The Best Oils With Lanoleic Acid?

There are a few but I’ll mention the ones more common in skincare:

  • Evening Primrose oil (75%)
  • Grapeseed oil (72%)
  • Hemp seed oil (55%)
  • Rosehip oil (45%)
  • Safflower oil (68%)

NOTE: these are rough estimates. The exact amount of linoleic acid in each batch of oil varies depending on how the plant was grown (soil, climate etc).

You can find them here:

  • Kiki Health CBD Oil 5% (£40.00): available at Cult Beauty
  • Now Foods Grapeseed Oil Sensitive Skin Care ($5.79): available at Walmart
  • Trilogy Certified Organic Rosehip Oil (£19.50): available at Feel Unique and Look Fantastic

PRO TIP: when looking for creams/lotions with oils high in linoleic acid, make sure they’re at the top of the ingredient list. If you’re looking for a standalone oil, get the purest grade you can find. Make sure it has vitamin E to help it last longer, too!

How To Use Linoleic Acid To Treat Acne

You have three options here:

  • Cleanser: you can use it to cleanse your face at night to dissolve the oils on your skin and makeup (Oil Cleansing Method)
  • Moisturizer: you can use it as a facial oil after or in place off of your moisturizer
  • Booster: you can mix a few drops with your fave moisturizer/serum

Related: What The Heck Is The Oil Cleansing Method And Why You Should Do It?

Can You Use Linoleic Acid As Your Only Anti-Acne Weapon?

You could… but I don’t recommend it.

Pimples happen when the clogs in your pores get infected with bacteria (P. Acnes, to be precise).

Linoleic acid can’t kill P.Acnes. Traditional anti-acne remedies like benzoyl peroxide or tea tree oil can.

That’s why it’s best to use linoleic acid as part of your anti-acne toolkit. It tackles other causes of acne, the factors that make P.Acnes thrive so much. Starve the damn thing and it’ll slowly go away.

Related: Tea Tree Oil, The Underdog Acne Fighter

The Bottom Line

Linoleic acid tackles acne in a different way: it promotes exfoliation, regulates oil production and reduces inflammation. That makes any oil high in it a powerful ally in your fight against acne. Go on, give it a go. You’ll be amazed.

Have you tried oils high in linoleic acid to treat your acne? Share your experience in the comments below.