Pale, alabaster skin. Curly, red hair. Thin, arched brows. Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry XVIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn, perfectly personified the beauty ideal of the era.
All the women at court wanted to look like her. Here’s the lengths they went through to make that happen:
Back then, a pale complexion was a sign of good health and prestige. The reason is simple: only rich women could afford to have fair skin. Poor ones worked for hours outside and developed a tan as a result.
To get the pale look, women (and men) used several different things: Ceruse (a foundation made with poisonous white lead and vinegar), sulphur, alum or tin ash.
Plus, they also used white eggs to fake a paler complexion and hide wrinkles (eggs have a tightening effects that made skin look smoother).
Eyes & Eyebrows
During the Elizabethan era, women used black kohl to rim their eyes and make them look darker. They also used Belladonna to enlarges pupils and make their eyes look larger and sparkly.
Eyebrows had to be thin and arched to create a high forehead (it was a sign of aristocracy). They achieved the look by plucking.
Cheeks & Lips
During the Elizabethan period, rouge cheeks and lips were very popular. To achieve them, women used plant (like madder, an Asian plant with red roots) and animal dyes (such as cochineal, a beetle) on the cheeks.
They also reddened their cheeks with a mixture of egg white and ochres. Other lip dyes were madder, cochineal or vermilion, a red pigment obtained from mercury sulphide.
All that makeup women (and men) used to achieve a white complexion wreaked their skin. To get rid of blemishes, wrinkles, spots and freckles the Elizabethans would use rosewater, lemon juice or mixture of eggshells, alum, mercury and honey. The wealthy would also bathe in ass’s milk while washing the face with mercury.
Like pale skin, fair hair was fashionable, too. Women used different substances to dye or bleach their hair… even urine! Another way to get blonde hair was to use cumin seeds, saffron, oil and celadine.
It was also during this period that people began dying their hair red, the hair color of Queen Elizabeth I. Young women would wear their long hair down, and sweep it up once married, usually in a bun so that head coverings could easily be pinned to it.
Wigs were all the rage. They were used by women whose hair was growing thinner or by those who wanted their hair to be of a certain color. Some women were so desperate to have fashionable hair that they decided to completely shave their hair off and only wear wigs!
Both real and fake hair was often adorned with jewels and hair pieces. These were very expensive, so only rich women could afford them.
Men Hair & Beards
At the start of the Elizabethan era, men used to wear their hair short. But as the years went by, the fashionable hair length grew longer and longer. Long hair had to be curly. They achieved the look with hot irons to achieve and then used wax or gam to keep it in place.
Beards could be cut in lots of different shapes from round to square, from oblong to pointed. But they were long and kept in place with starch.