Foundation is a must for flawless-looking skin. It prepares your skin to receive makeup, evens out the skin tone, and conceals wrinkles, fine lines and flaws. But with so many options on the market, how do you know what type of foundation is best for you? Here are a few tips to help you make the right choice:
Determine your skin’s needs
To figure out what kind of foundation is best for you, you need to determine your skin’s needs and your personal preferences. Ask yourself these questions: is your skin in good condition? How much coverage do you need? Do you want a liquid or a powder foundation? Will you apply it with your fingers or with a brush or sponge?
Consider your environment and climate
Your environment can influence your choice of foundation too. If you live somewhere hot, choose a foundation that has SPF in it. You may also want waterproof makeup. In the summer, when you’re tanned, choose a darker shade of foundation. If you work in an office, the air-condition can dry out your skin so choose a moisturizing formula.
Determine your skin type
Different skin types have different problems and need different formulas:
Dry skin needs a creamy and moisturizing foundation. Choose an oil-based tinted moisturizer for light coverage or an oil-based cream or liquid foundation for heavier coverage. Powders dry out the skin while matte finishes make dry skin look dull.
Oily or combination skin needs a water based, oil-free and non comedogenic foundation. Choose one with a matte or powder finish.
Combination skin needs a foundation that is both oil-free and hydrating.
Normal skin needs a light, translucent foundation or a heavier matte foundation, depending on its condition.
Sensitive skin needs an oil-free, non-comedogenic, fragrance-free foundation.
Determine your skin undertone
Your skin undertone can be warm or cool. The undertone of the foundation must match it or your skin will look unnatural.
Cool complexions are pale with pink undertones, with veins that appear blue in colour, and tend to burn in the sun. Warm complexions have yellow, olive and darker undertones, veins appear green in colour, and tan easier. A yellow based foundation will suit most women.
Choose the right shade
The colour of foundation should blend into your skin exactly. Foundation should not be visible. If you can see it at all then the colour is wrong. When shopping for foundation, avoid wearing makeup and always bring a small hand mirror so you can check the shade under natural light. Don’t rely on the lightening in the shop, as the colour can look completely different when you walk out into the light. Also, in the shop, dab a small amount of foundation on the jawline and see if it matches your natural skin colour perfectly.
How much coverage do you need?
If you need minimal coverage, opt for a tinted moisturizer, a sheer liquid foundation or a mineral one.
If you want a heavier coverage, choose a powder, stick or cream foundation.
Types of foundation
Cream foundation: it has a thicker and heavier consistency. It is great for people with dry or combination skin because it is moisturizing as well.
Liquid foundation: it is quick and easy to apply and gives your skin a natural, sheer and smooth appearance.
Mineral foundation: it contains natural minerals found in the earth and lacks chemicals, preservatives and dyes. It can provide light to full coverage. It is great for oily and acne prone skin as it does not clog pores and for sensitive skin as it contains less potentially irritating ingredients.
Mousse foundation: it is a cream foundation that has a whipped consistency. It doesn’t settle into fine lines.
Powder foundation: it is great for people with very oily skin, as the powder will soak up the oil and prevent a greasy appearance. Apply it with a dry sponge for a sheer coverage, or wet for a heavier one.
Spray foundation: it comes in an aerosol can and can be sprayed on a sponge or directly to the skin. It is easy to apply.
Stick foundation: it is a foundation and a concealer in one. It is easy to use and great for touch-ups. It’s heavier than powder.
Tinted moisturizer: it is a coloured moisturizer and works like liquid foundation. It gives skin a healthy glow and provides light coverage.
What type of foundation do you use?